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Smoking-related deaths averted due to three years of policy progress.

by Ellis, Jennifer.
Citation: Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 91(7):509-18, 2013 Jul 1..Journal: Bulletin of the World Health Organization.ISSN: 0042-9686.Full author list: Levy DT; Ellis JA; Mays D; Huang AT.UI/PMID: 23825878.Subject(s): Female | *Health Policy | Humans | Internationality | Male | Models, Theoretical | Mortality/td [Trends] | Sex Distribution | Smoking/ec [Economics] | *Smoking/mo [Mortality] | World HealthInstitution(s): MedStar Heart & Vascular InstituteActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tOnline resources: Click here to access online Digital Object Identifier: http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.12.113878 (Click here) Abbreviated citation: Bull World Health Organ. 91(7):509-18, 2013 Jul 1.Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the global impact of adopting highest-level MPOWER tobacco control policies in different countries and territories from 2007 to 2010.Abstract: METHODS: Policy effect sizes based on previously-validated SimSmoke models were applied to determine the reduction in the number of smokers as a result of policy adoption during this period. Based on previous research suggesting that half of all smokers die from smoking, we also derived the estimated smoking-attributable deaths (SADs) averted due to MPOWER policy implementation. The results from use of this simple yet powerful method are consistent with those predicted by using previously validated SimSmoke models.Abstract: FINDINGS: In total, 41 countries adopted at least one highest-level MPOWER policy between 2007 and 2010. As a result of all policies adopted during this period, the number of smokers is estimated to have dropped by 14.8 million, with a total of 7.4 million SADs averted. The largest number of SADs was averted as a result of increased cigarette taxes (3.5 million), smoke-free air laws (2.5 million), health warnings (700,000), cessation treatments (380,000), and bans on tobacco marketing (306,000).Abstract: CONCLUSION: From 2007 to 2010, 41 countries and territories took action that will collectively prevent nearly 7.5 million smoking-related deaths globally. These findings demonstrate the magnitude of the actions already taken by countries and underscore the potential for millions of additional lives to be saved with continued adoption of MPOWER policies.

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