Citation: Annals of the American Thoracic Society. 13(4):451-5, 2016 Apr.Journal: Annals of the American Thoracic Society.Published: 2016ISSN: 2325-6621.Full author list: Sherman CB; Carter EJ; Braendli O; Getaneh A; Schluger NW.UI/PMID: 26991950.Subject(s): Critical Care | Developing Countries | Ethiopia | *Fellowships and Scholarships | *Government Programs | Hospitals, University | Humans | *Physicians | *Program Development | *Pulmonary Medicine/ed [Education]Institution(s): MedStar Health Research InstituteActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal ArticleDigital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201510-673OC (Click here)Abbreviated citation: Ann Am Thorac Soc. 13(4):451-5, 2016 Apr.Abstract: Despite an extensive burden of lung disease in East Africa, there are remarkably few pulmonary physicians in the region and no pulmonary subspecialty training programs. We developed a unique training program for pulmonary medicine in Ethiopia. The East African Training Initiative (EATI) is a 2-year fellowship program at Tikur Anbessa (Black Lion) Specialized Teaching Hospital, the largest public hospital in Ethiopia and the teaching hospital for the Addis Ababa University School of Medicine. The first year is devoted to clinical care and procedural skills. Lectures, conferences, daily inpatient and outpatient rounds, and procedure supervision by visiting faculty provide the clinical knowledge foundation. In the second year, training in clinical research is added to ongoing clinical training. Before graduation, fellows must pass rigorous written and oral examinations and achieve high marks on faculty evaluations. Funding derives from several sources. Ethiopian trainees are paid by the Ethiopian Ministry of Health and the Addis Ababa University School of Medicine. The World Lung Foundation and the Swiss Lung Foundation supply travel and housing costs for visiting faculty, who receive no other stipend. The first two trainees graduated in January 2015, and a second class of three fellows completed training in January 2016. All five presented research abstracts at the annual meetings of the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease in 2014 and 2015. The EATI has successfully provided pulmonary medicine training in Ethiopia and has capacity for local leadership. We believe that EATI could be a model for other resource-limited countries.