MedStar Authors catalog › Details for: In-depth analysis of clotting dynamics in burn patients.
In-depth analysis of clotting dynamics in burn patients. Journal: The Journal of surgical research.Published: 2016ISSN: 0022-4804.UI/PMID: 27229109.Subject(s): Acute Disease | Adult | Aged | Biomarkers/bl [Blood] | *Blood Coagulation | Blood Coagulation Disorders/bl [Blood] | Blood Coagulation Disorders/di [Diagnosis] | *Blood Coagulation Disorders/et [Etiology] | Blood Coagulation Tests | Burns/bl [Blood] | *Burns/co [Complications] | Burns/mo [Mortality] | Computer Systems | Cytokines/bl [Blood] | Female | Humans | Male | Middle Aged | Prognosis | Risk FactorsInstitution(s): MedStar Heart & Vascular Institute | MedStar Health Research Institute | MedStar Washington Hospital CenterDepartment(s): Surgery/Burn ServicesActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal ArticleOnline resources: Click here to access online Digital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2016.01.006 (Click here) Abbreviated citation: J Surg Res. 202(2):341-51, 2016 May 15.Abstract: BACKGROUND: Studies associating coagulopathic changes with burn injury have relied on limited tests such as partial thromboplastin time (PTT) and international normalized ratio (INR). Understanding the clotting dynamics and associated risk factors after burn injury could influence management. This work aimed to identify real-time changes in coagulation after burn injury not indicated by PTT or INR alone.Abstract: MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine burn-injured patients at a regional burn center were enrolled for blood collection at admission and set intervals over 96 h. Patient demographics, management, and laboratory data (PTT and INR) were collected. Plasma assays determined factors II, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, antithrombin, and protein C functional activity as well as PAP, D-Dimer, fibrin monomer, TFPI, IL-1b, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p.70, and TNF-alpha concentrations.Abstract: RESULTS: Overall, five patients died. These patients had higher mortality scores and were more acidotic. All patients had normal coagulation studies (INR < 1.5, PTT < 45 s) within 24 h of admission, and only two were abnormal after. Increased factor VIII and IX activity were identified in seven patients at admission. Decreased antithrombin and protein C activity were seen in all patients. Patients had increased PAP, D-Dimer, and fibrin monomer concentrations throughout their hospital course. At admission, increased fold changes were seen in IL-6 (2.5-117) and IL-10 (2.4-32), whereas IL-1b and TNF-alpha levels were depressed in all patients.Abstract: CONCLUSIONS: Extensive changes not identified by PTT or INR were seen after burn injury that may explain perturbed coagulation in these patients. This approach further characterizes the impact thermal injury has on coagulation.Abstract: Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.