Citation: Current Diabetes Reports. 17(1):6, 2017 Jan.Journal: Current diabetes reportsMH - AdultMH - *Delivery of Health CareMH - *Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/th [Therapy]MH - Emergency Service, HospitalMH - Health Plan ImplementationMH - HospitalizationMH - HumansMH - Patient Education as Topic.Published: 2017ISSN: 1534-4827.Full author list: Magee M; Bardsley JK; Wallia A; Smith KM.UI/PMID: 28138821.Institution(s): MedStar Washington Hospital Center | MedStar Health Research InstituteDepartment(s): Medicine/Endocrinology | Core Scientific ServicesActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal Article | ReviewDigital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11892-017-0830-2 (Click here)Abbreviated citation: Curr Diab Rep. 17(1):6, 2017 Jan.Abstract: Scientific evidence is available to guide the how to of medications management when patients with diabetes are hospitalized or present to the Emergency Department. However, few clinical trials in the diabetes field have addressed the execution, coupled with established implementation effectiveness evaluation frameworks to help inform and assess implementation practices to support the transition in care. These deficiencies may be overcome by (1) applying the principles of implementation and delivery systems science; (2) engaging the principles of human factors (HF) throughout the design, development, and evaluation planning activities; and (3) utilizing mixed methods to design the intervention, workflow processes, and evaluate the intervention for sustainability within existing care delivery models. This article provides a discussion of implementation science and human factors science including an overview of commonly used frameworks which can be applied to structure design and implementation of sustainable and generalizable interventions.