Citation: Oncologist. 2018 Feb 22.Journal: The oncologist.Published: 2018ISSN: 1083-7159.Full author list: Gao JJ; Swain SM.UI/PMID: 29472313.Subject(s): IN PROCESS -- NOT YET INDEXEDInstitution(s): Washington Cancer InstituteActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal Article | ReviewDigital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2017-0535 (Click here)ORCID: Swain, Sandra M http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1320-3830 (Click here)Abbreviated citation: Oncologist. 2018 Feb 22.Abstract: PURPOSE: Chemotherapy has been the historical mainstay of treatment for patients with breast cancer, with immunohistochemical markers and tumor characteristics driving treatment decisions. The discovery of different intrinsic subtypes of breast cancer has advanced the understanding of breast cancer, with gene-based assays shedding further light on tumor behavior and response to treatment.Abstract: DESIGN: This review focuses on the landscape of the luminal A subtype, its definition based on immunohistochemistry (IHC) and gene assays, the prognostic and predictive value of these assays, guideline recommendations, and treatment implications.Abstract: RESULTS: Clinical studies of the prognostic value of gene-based and IHC-based assays in patients with luminal A-subtype breast cancers suggest a better prognosis for these patients compared with those with breast cancers of other subtypes.Abstract: CONCLUSION: In today's era of precision medicine, the best treatment regimen for patients with luminal A-subtype tumors is still undetermined, but available data raise the question whether chemotherapy can be omitted and endocrine therapy alone is sufficient for this patient population.Abstract: IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Immunohistochemical markers have traditionally guided treatment decisions in breast cancer. However, advances in gene-expression profiling and availability of gene-based assays have launched these newer tests into everyday clinical practice. Luminal A-subtype tumors are a unique subset that may have favorable tumor biology. Properly defining this tumor subtype is important and may identify a subset of patients for whom endocrine therapy alone is sufficient.Abstract: Copyright (c) AlphaMed Press 2018.