Citation: Foot & Ankle International. :1071100718757527, 2018 Mar 01.Journal: Foot & ankle international.Published: 2018ISSN: 1071-1007.Full author list: Merrill HM; Dean DM; Mottla JL; Neufeld SK; Cuttica DJ; Buchanan MM.UI/PMID: 29506395.Subject(s): IN PROCESS -- NOT YET INDEXEDInstitution(s): MedStar Washington Hospital CenterDepartment(s): Surgery/Orthopaedic SurgeryActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal ArticleOnline resources: Click here to access onlineDigital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1071100718757527 (Click here)ORCID: Dean, Daniel M https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4793-6511 (Click here)Abbreviated citation: Foot Ankle Int. :1071100718757527, 2018 Mar 01.Local Holdings: Available online from MWHC library: 1999 - present, Available in print through MWHC library: 1999 - 2006.Abstract: Background Orthopaedic surgeons frequently prescribe pain medications during the postoperative period. The efficacy of these medications at alleviating pain after foot/ankle surgery and the quantity of medication required (and conversely, leftover) are unknown.Abstract: METHODS: Patients undergoing foot/ankle surgery during a 3-month period who met inclusion criteria were surveyed at their first postoperative visit. Information collected included gender, number of prescribed pills remaining, satisfaction with pain control, and willingness to surrender leftover opioids to a Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) disposal center. Additional data, including utilization of a perioperative nerve block and type (bony versus nonbony) and anatomic region of procedure, were collected through review of the medical record. All data were analyzed in a retrospective fashion. A total of 171 patients with a mean age of 53.1 +/- 15.5 years (range, 18-81 years) were included in the study.Abstract: RESULTS: The mean number of opioids taken was 27.2 +/- 17.5 pills (range, 0-70). The mean number of short-acting opioids and long-acting opioids taken was 21.4 +/- 14.8 and 9.2 +/- 5.0 pills, respectively. Most (73.5%) patients were satisfied with their pain control. Patients who underwent ankle/hindfoot surgery took more long-acting opioids on average than others ( P = .047). There was not a significant difference in opioid usage between bony and nonbony procedures. Of those with leftover opioids, 63% were willing to surrender them to a DEA disposal center. Patients willing to surrender leftover medications had both more short-acting ( P < .001) and long-acting ( P = .015) opioids leftover than those not willing to surrender them.Abstract: CONCLUSION: Most patients undergoing foot/ankle surgery had opioids leftover at the first postoperative visit, and most were willing to surrender them. We can adequately treat patients' pain and decrease the number of opioid pills available in the community by decreasing the number of pills prescribed and encouraging disposal of leftovers.Abstract: LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, retrospective case series.