MedStar Authors catalog › Details for: Quality of life of persons living with HIV and congruence with surrogate decision-makers.
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Quality of life of persons living with HIV and congruence with surrogate decision-makers.

by Scott, Rachel K.
Citation: Quality of Life Research. 2018 Sep 15.Journal: Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation.Published: ; 2018ISSN: 0962-9343.Full author list: Curtin KB; Cheng YI; Wang J; Scott RK; Squires L; Benator DA; Lyon ME; Palliative Care Consortiums.UI/PMID: 30219937.Subject(s): IN PROCESS -- NOT YET INDEXEDInstitution(s): MedStar Health Research InstituteActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal ArticleDigital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11136-018-2002-5 (Click here) ORCID: Curtin, Katherine B http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9647-0864 (Click here) Abbreviated citation: Qual Life Res. 2018 Sep 15.Abstract: PURPOSE: Physicians and caregivers rate patient quality of life (QOL) lower than patients rate their own QOL. This study investigated discrepancies between self-assessments of patient QOL by adults with HIV and their surrogate decision-makers.Abstract: METHODS: We collected baseline data from 223 adult dyads in the FAmily-CEntered (FACE) Advance Care Planning (ACP) clinical trial, consisting of HIV positive patients and their chosen surrogates. Participants independently completed the Medical Outcome Study-HIV Survey (MOS-HIV) and the Palliative care Outcome Scale (POS). We used Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test to assess differences in overall patient-surrogate means. We used Prevalence Adjusted Bias Adjusted Kappa (PABAK) statistics to assess dyadic agreement, with surrogate HIV status and cohabitation status as grouping variables.Abstract: RESULTS: Patients were 56.1% male, 86.1% Black/African-American, aged 22-77 (mean = 50.83, SD = +/- 12.33). Surrogates were 43.8% male, 84.1% Black/African-American, aged 18-82 (mean = 49.73, SD = +/- 14.22). 46.2% of surrogates lived with the patient. 64.6% of surrogates reported negative HIV status. Surrogates were more likely to state patients were ill, p = 0.032. Among patient-surrogate dyads, most QOL assessments showed poor (0.00-0.39) or fair (0.40-0.59) agreement and agreement tended to be even poorer among patient-surrogate dyads where the surrogate had a shared HIV diagnosis.Abstract: CONCLUSIONS: QOL discrepancies are said to arise from healthy surrogates overestimating the effects of chronic illness. In this novel assessment, many surrogates had a shared HIV diagnosis, without increased agreement. These findings highlight the challenge of accurately assessing patient QOL by surrogates, even when there is a shared HIV diagnosis. Improved communication is needed between patients and surrogates about the patients' representation of illness. National Clinical Trial Number: NCT01775436.

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