Citation: Journal of Nutrition. 149(7):1238-1244, 2019 Jul 01..Journal: The Journal of nutrition.Published: ; 2019ISSN: 0022-3166.Full author list: Kummer K; Jensen PN; Kratz M; Lemaitre RN; Howard BV; Cole SA; Fretts AM.UI/PMID: 31070753.Subject(s): IN PROCESS -- NOT YET INDEXEDInstitution(s): MedStar Health Research InstituteActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal ArticleDigital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz058 (Click here)Abbreviated citation: J Nutr. 149(7):1238-1244, 2019 Jul 01.Local Holdings: Available online from MWHC library: Sept 1928 - present (after 1 year).Abstract: BACKGROUND: Diet plays a key role in development of diabetes, and there has been recent interest in better understanding the association of dairy food intake with diabetes.Abstract: OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations of full-fat and low-fat dairy food intake with incident diabetes among American Indians-a population with a high burden of diabetes.Abstract: METHODS: The study included participants from the Strong Heart Family Study (SHFS), a family-based study of cardiovascular disease in American Indians, free of diabetes at baseline (2001-2003) (n = 1623). Participants were 14-86-y-old at baseline and 60.8% were female. Dairy food intake was assessed using a Block food frequency questionnaire. Incident diabetes was defined using American Diabetes Association criteria. Parametric survival models with a Weibull distribution were used to evaluate the associations of full-fat and low-fat dairy food intake with incident diabetes. Serving sizes were defined as 250 mL for milk and 42.5 g for cheese.Abstract: RESULTS: We identified 277 cases of diabetes during a mean follow-up of 11 y. Reported intake of dairy foods was low [median full-fat dairy food intake: 0.11 serving/1000 kcal; median low-fat dairy food intake: 0.03 serving/1000 kcal]. Participants who reported the highest full-fat dairy food intake had a lower risk of diabetes compared to those who reported the lowest full-fat food dairy intake [HR (95% CI): 0.79 (0.59, 1.06); P-trend = 0.03, comparing extreme tertiles, after adjustment for age, sex, site, physical activity, education, smoking, diet quality, and low-fat dairy food intake]. Low-fat dairy food intake was not associated with diabetes.Abstract: CONCLUSIONS: American Indians who participated in the SHFS reported low dairy food intake. Participants who reported higher full-fat dairy food intake had a lower risk of diabetes than participants who reported lower intake. These findings may be of interest to populations with low dairy food intake.Abstract: Copyright (c) American Society for Nutrition 2019.