Citation: Journal of Cardiac Surgery. 2020 Aug 02.Journal: Journal of cardiac surgery.Published: ; 2020ISSN: 0886-0440.Full author list: Cain CJ; Ahmad H; Molina EJ.UI/PMID: 32740995.Subject(s): IN PROCESS -- NOT YET INDEXEDInstitution(s): MedStar Washington Hospital Center | MedStar Heart & Vascular InstituteDepartment(s): Medicine/General Internal MedicineActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Case ReportsDigital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.14928 (Click here)Abbreviated citation: J Card Surg. 2020 Aug 02.Abstract: Mycobacterium chimaera can cause disseminated infection following cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and contaminated heater-cooler devices. We discuss a 41-year-old man with a disseminated M. chimaera infection following surgery for a type A aortic dissection. His presentation included cachexia and dorsalgia with a work-up revealing vertebral osteomyelitis with an epidural abscess, bone marrow, and pulmonary infiltration, and fluid collection around his aortic graft. He received 1 month of antibiotics before the explantation of infected foreign material, mediastinal debridement, and aortic reconstruction. Complications included septic shock, respiratory and renal failure, mediastinitis, and four distal aortic anastomotic dehiscences from friable tissue and persistent infection. Copyright (c) 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC.