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Cerebrovascular accidents after percutaneous coronary interventions from 2002 to 2014: Incidence, outcomes, and associated variables.

by Didier, Romain; Gaglia, Michael AJ; Koifman, Edward; Kiramijyan, Starkis; Negi, Smita I; Omar, Al Fazir; Gai, Jiaxing; Torguson, Rebecca; Pichard, Augusto D; Waksman, Ron.
Citation: American Heart Journal. 172:80-7, 2016 Feb..Journal: American heart journal.Published: 2016ISSN: 0002-8703.Full author list: Didier R; Gaglia MA Jr; Koifman E; Kiramijyan S; Negi SI; Omar AF; Gai J; Torguson R; Pichard AD; Waksman R.UI/PMID: 26856219.Subject(s): Aged | District of Columbia/ep [Epidemiology] | Female | Follow-Up Studies | *Forecasting | Hospital Mortality/td [Trends] | Humans | Incidence | Male | *Myocardial Ischemia/su [Surgery] | Odds Ratio | *Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/ae [Adverse Effects] | Prognosis | *Registries | Retrospective Studies | Risk Factors | *Stroke/ep [Epidemiology] | Stroke/et [Etiology] | Time FactorsInstitution(s): MedStar Heart & Vascular InstituteActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal Article | Observational StudyOnline resources: Click here to access online Digital Object Identifier: (Click here) Abbreviated citation: Am Heart J. 172:80-7, 2016 Feb.Local Holdings: Available online from MWHC library: 1995 - present, Available in print through MWHC library: 1999 - 2006.Abstract: BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and transient ischemic attack (TIA) related to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are relatively rare complications, but they are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Given the evolution of both CVA risk and PCI techniques over time, this study was conducted to evaluate trends in CVA and TIA associated with PCI and to identify variables associated with neurologic events.Abstract: METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing PCI at the Washington Hospital Center between January 2002 and June 2015 were included. Prespecified data were prospectively collected, including baseline and procedural characteristics, in-hospital outcomes, and 1-year mortality. The subjects who had a CVA or TIA during or immediately after PCI were compared with those without procedure-associated CVA or TIA.Abstract: RESULTS: Overall, 25,626 patients were included in the study. The mean age was 65.0 +/- 12.4 years, 16,949 (65.2%) were male, and 7,436 (28.6%) were African American. From 2002 to 2015, 110 neurologic events post-PCI were diagnosed (0.43%); this included 86 CVAs (0.34%) and 24 TIAs (0.09%). The annual rate of postprocedural neurologic events was 0.42% +/- 0.12%. There were significant changes in baseline risk factors over time, with increasing age, incidence of insulin-dependent diabetes, and chronic kidney disease. Patients with neurologic events were more often African American (43.6% vs 28.6%, P < .001) with prior history of CVA (24.5% vs 7.8%, P < .001), chronic renal insufficiency (26.6% vs 15.2%, P < .001), and insulin-dependent diabetes (19.1% vs 12.4%, P = .03). Acute myocardial infarction (56% vs 30.4%, P < .001) and cardiogenic shock (20.2% vs 3%, P < .001) were also more common among patients with neurologic events post-PCI. After multivariable adjustment, use of an intraaortic balloon pump was strongly associated with neurologic events (odds ratio [OR] 4.9, 95% CI 2.7-8.8, P < .001), as was prior CVA (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.4-4.4, P = .002) and African American race (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.5-3.9, P < .001); there was a borderline association with the use of a thrombus extraction device (OR 1.7, 95% CI 0.9-3.2, P = .09). In-hospital mortality (20.0% vs 1.5%, P < .001) and 1-year mortality (45.0% vs 7.3%, P < .001) were also much higher in patients with neurologic events.Abstract: CONCLUSION: Neurologic events post-PCI are associated with markedly worse in-hospital outcomes. The incidence of CVA and TIA post-PCI, however, remained stable over the last 12 years despite an increase in risk factors for CVA.Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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