MedStar Authors catalog › Details for: The influence of advancing age on implantation of drug-eluting stents.
The influence of advancing age on implantation of drug-eluting stents. Journal: Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions.Published: 2016ISSN: 1522-1946.UI/PMID: 26603135.Subject(s): Age Factors | Aged | Aged, 80 and over | *Aging | Coronary Artery Disease/dg [Diagnostic Imaging] | Coronary Artery Disease/mo [Mortality] | Coronary Artery Disease/pp [Physiopathology] | *Coronary Artery Disease/th [Therapy] | District of Columbia | *Drug-Eluting Stents | Female | Humans | Logistic Models | Male | Multivariate Analysis | Odds Ratio | Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/ae [Adverse Effects] | *Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/is [Instrumentation] | Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/mo [Mortality] | Prosthesis Design | Retrospective Studies | Risk Assessment | Risk Factors | Time Factors | Treatment Outcome=520 \\ BACKGROUND: The influence of age upon the use of drug-eluting stents (DES) in patients aged>65 years is uncertain. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of age increase in patients aged>65 years in the use of DES in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)Institution(s): MedStar Heart & Vascular InstituteActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal ArticleOnline resources: Click here to access online Digital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.26333 (Click here) Abbreviated citation: Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 88(4):516-521, 2016 Oct.Local Holdings: Available online from MWHC library: 1996 - present, Available in print through MWHC library: 1996 - 2006.Abstract: METHOD: The study cohort comprised 8,598 patients>65 years of age who underwent stent implantation from April 2003 to March 2014. We defined the first DES era as the period April 2003 to July 2008 and the second DES era as the period July 2008 to March 2014. Multivariable logistic regression was performed for both eras to assess the impact of age increase and analyze independent factors associated with DES implantation.Abstract: RESULTS: In the first DES era cohort, the two groups of patients differed in their risk factor profile with lower rates of male sex, diabetes, smokers, and hypercholesterolemia in those aged>75 years. There were more Caucasian and less African-Americans in this age group. Furthermore, patients aged>75 years had lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and baseline haematocrit concentration were more likely to present with an acute myocardial infarction (MI) than stable or unstable angina and had higher rates of a previous history for congestive heart failure (CHF), chronic renal insufficiency (CRI), and peripheral vascular disease (PVD). These differences were broadly similar for patients in the second DES era except for similarities in LVEF, presentation with unstable angina, and PVD, as well as a lower rate for previous PCI. DES use was reduced with increasing age in both the first (OR=0.78; 95% CI=0.69-0.89) and second DES era (OR=0.53; 95% CI=0.47-0.58). In both eras, DES use was less likely in current smokers, patients presenting with acute MI and cardiogenic shock, and those with a previous history of CHF.Abstract: CONCLUSION: In patients aged>65 years, the use of DES decreased with increasing age. This observation was apparent in both the first and second DES era. � 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.Abstract: Copyright � 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.