MedStar Authors catalog › Details for: Changes in Coronary Plaque Composition in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Treated With High-Intensity Statin Therapy (IBIS-4): A Serial Optical Coherence Tomography Study.
Changes in Coronary Plaque Composition in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction Treated With High-Intensity Statin Therapy (IBIS-4): A Serial Optical Coherence Tomography Study. Journal: JACC. Cardiovascular imaging. Published: ; 2019; ; ISSN: 1876-7591. UI/PMID: 30553686. Subject(s): Aged | Treatment Outcome | *Tomography, Optical Coherence | Time Factors | Stents | ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/pa [Pathology] | *ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/dt [Drug Therapy] | ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/dg [Diagnostic Imaging] | ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction/bl [Blood] | Rosuvastatin Calcium/ae [Adverse Effects] | *Rosuvastatin Calcium/ad [Administration & Dosage] | Prospective Studies | Predictive Value of Tests | *Plaque, Atherosclerotic | Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/is [Instrumentation] | Middle Aged | Male | Macrophages/pa [Pathology] | Macrophages/de [Drug Effects] | Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/ae [Adverse Effects] | *Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/ad [Administration & Dosage] | Humans | Fibrosis | Female | Coronary Vessels/pa [Pathology] | Coronary Vessels/me [Metabolism] | *Coronary Vessels/de [Drug Effects] | Coronary Vessels/dg [Diagnostic Imaging] | Coronary Artery Disease/pa [Pathology] | *Coronary Artery Disease/dt [Drug Therapy] | Coronary Artery Disease/dg [Diagnostic Imaging] | Coronary Artery Disease/bl [Blood] | Cholesterol, LDL/bl [Blood] | Biomarkers/bl [Blood] Institution(s): MedStar Heart & Vascular Institute Activity type: Journal Article. Medline article type(s): Journal Article Digital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcmg.2018.08.024 (Click here) Abbreviated citation: ; JACC Cardiovasc Imaging. 12(8 Pt 1):1518-1528, 2019 08. Abstract: BACKGROUND: OCT is a high-resolution modality capable of measuring plaque characteristics including fibrous cap thickness (FCT) and macrophage infiltration. There is limited in vivo evidence regarding the effects of statins on OCT-defined coronary atheroma composition and no evidence in the context of STEMI. Abstract: CONCLUSIONS: In this observational study, we found significant increase in minimum FCT, reduction in macrophage accumulation, and frequent regression of TCFAs to other plaque phenotypes in nonculprit lesions of patients with STEMI treated with high-intensity statin therapy. Abstract: Copyright (c) 2018 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Abstract: METHODS: In the IBIS-4 (Integrated Biomarker Imaging Study-4), 103 patients underwent intravascular ultrasonography and OCT of 2 noninfarct-related coronary arteries in the acute phase of STEMI. Patients were treated with high-dose rosuvastatin for 13 months. Serial OCT imaging was available in 153 arteries from 83 patients. We measured FCT by using a semi-automated method. Co-primary endpoints consisted of the change in minimum FCT (measured in fibroatheromas) and change in macrophage line arc. Abstract: OBJECTIVES: This study assessed changes in optical coherence tomography (OCT)-defined plaque composition in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) receiving high-intensity statin treatment.
Abstract: RESULTS: At 13 months, median low-density lipoprotein cholesterol had decreased from 128 mg/dl to 73.6 mg/dl. Minimum FCT, measured in 31 lesions from 27 patients, increased from 64.9 +/- 19.9 mum to 87.9 +/- 38.1 mum (p = 0.008). Macrophage line arc decreased from 9.6degree +/- 12.8degree to 6.4degree +/- 9.6degree (p < 0.0001). The secondary endpoint, mean lipid arc, decreased from 55.9degree +/- 37degree to 43.5degree +/- 33.5degree. In lesion-level analyses (n = 191), 9 of 13 thin-cap fibroatheromata (TCFAs) at baseline (69.2%) regressed to non-TCFA morphology, whereas 2 of 178 non-TCFA lesions (1.1%) progressed to TCFAs.