Citation: The Pan African medical journal. 37(Suppl 1):15, 2020.; .Journal: The Pan African medical journal.Published: 2020; ; ; Full author list: Adesunkanmi AO; Adesunkanmi ARK; Fasubaa OB; Ijarotimi OA; Okon NE; Olasehinde O; Ubom AE.UI/PMID: 33343794.Subject(s): *COVID-19 | *Hospital Costs/sn [Statistics & Numerical Data] | *Obstetrics/ec [Economics] | *Surgical Procedures, Operative/ec [Economics] | Delivery of Health Care/ec [Economics] | Female | Hospitals, Teaching | Humans | Nigeria | Obstetrics/sn [Statistics & Numerical Data] | Personal Protective Equipment/sd [Supply & Distribution] | Pregnancy | Public Health/ec [Economics] | Surgical Procedures, Operative/sn [Statistics & Numerical Data]Institution(s): MedStar Medical GroupActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal ArticleOnline resources: Click here to access onlineDigital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.supp.2020.37.15.25935 (Click here)Abbreviated citation: Pan Afr Med J. 37(Suppl 1):15, 2020; .Abstract: The public health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic cannot be overstated. Its impact on the cost of surgical and obstetric care is significant. More so, in a country like Nigeria, where even before the pandemic, out-of-pocket spending (OOPS) has been the major payment method for healthcare. The increased cost of surgical and obstetric care occasioned by the pandemic has principally been due to the additional burden of ensuring the use of adequate/appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) during patient care as a disease containment measure. These PPE are not readily available in public hospitals across Nigeria. Patients are therefore compelled to bear the financial burden of procuring scarce PPE for use by health care personnel, further increasing the already high cost of healthcare. In this study, we sought to appraise the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the cost of surgical and obstetric care in Nigeria, drawing from the experience from one of the major Nigerian teaching hospitals- the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC), Ile-Ife, Osun State. The cost of surgical and obstetric care was reviewed and compared pre- and during the COVID-19 pandemic, deriving relevant examples from some commonly performed surgical operations in our centre (OAUTHC). We reviewed patients' hospital bills and receipts of consumables procured for surgery. Our findings revealed that the cost of surgical and obstetric care during the COVID-19 pandemic had significantly increased. We identified gaps and made relevant recommendations on measures to reduce the additional costs of surgical and obstetric care during and beyond pandemic. Copyright: AbdulHafiz Oladapo Adesunkanmi et al.