Citation: ; Journal of Surgical Research. 252:281-284, 2020 08..Journal: The Journal of surgical research.Published: ; 2020; ; ISSN: 0022-4804.Full author list: Al-Refaie W; Chu D; Eskander M; Freischlag J; Hawn M; James BC; Kent TS; Minter R.UI/PMID: 32439143.Subject(s): Academic Medical Centers/es [Ethics] | *Workplace/px [Psychology] | Universities/es [Ethics] | *Surgeons/px [Psychology] | Surgeons/ed [Education] | Students, Medical/px [Psychology] | Schools, Medical/es [Ethics] | Learning | *Hostility | *General Surgery/ed [Education] | *Faculty, Medical/px [Psychology] | Ethics, ProfessionalInstitution(s): MedStar Health Research InstituteActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal Article | ReviewOnline resources: Click here to access onlineDigital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2019.12.055 (Click here)Abbreviated citation: ; J Surg Res. 252:281-284, 2020 08.Abstract: Mistreatment has been documented as a negative factor in the learning environment for the past 30 y but little progress has been made to determine an effective way to significantly improve these interactions. Faculty may also be victims of a hostile work environment as well, although frequency has not been well-measured or reported. In fact, it may be difficult to identify and address mistreatment and hostility in the work place within the commonly established surgical culture. Thus, efforts to define, identify, and address workplace mistreatment or hostility are crucial to the success of the academic surgical environment. This article summarizes presentations and panel discussion that took place at the 2019 Academic Surgical Congress organized by the Association for Academic Surgery and the Society of University Surgeons. Definitions of mistreatment and hostility were provided, as well as information regarding occurrence. Tools for addressing mistreatment in the work environment and tips for creating a positive environment were presented and discussed. Copyright (c) 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.