Citation: Surgical Endoscopy. 2020 Jul 08.Journal: Surgical endoscopy.Published: ; 2020ISSN: 0930-2794.Full author list: Ghaderi I; Tran T; Carton M; Samame J; Galvani C.UI/PMID: 32642846.Subject(s): IN PROCESS -- NOT YET INDEXEDInstitution(s): MedStar Washington Hospital CenterDepartment(s): MedicineActivity type: Journal Article.Medline article type(s): Journal ArticleOnline resources: Click here to access onlineDigital Object Identifier: https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-020-07778-z (Click here)Abbreviated citation: Surg Endosc. 2020 Jul 08.Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to examine the impact of an intensive laparoscopic training course incorporating structured assessment and immediate feedback on residents' operative performance in animal lab.Abstract: METHODS: Surgical residents participated in a 2-day intensive laparoscopic training course. They performed the same procedures on two consecutive days on live pigs. Junior residents (PGY1-2) performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy and incisional hernia repair and the senior residents (PGY3-5) performed laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication, splenectomy, and low anterior colon resection. Assessment tools with proven validity evidence (global and procedure-specific rating tools for operative assessment of laparoscopic skills) were used to assess their operative performance. Faculty assessment and self-assessments were completed immediately after each procedure on both days. The Wilcoxon rank test was used to examine the effect of training on resident performance after one repetition.Abstract: RESULTS: Forty surgical residents (20 junior and 20 senior residents) participated. There was a significant improvement in general laparoscopic skills during incisional hernia repair and Nissen fundoplication using global rating scales (p < 0.05). Moreover, there was an improvement in their performance during cholecystectomy, incisional hernia repair, and low anterior colectomy when procedure-specific skills assessments were used (p < 0.05). There was a positive correlation between residents' self-reported confidences and their operative performance CONCLUSION: Trainees showed significant improvements in performance in general and procedure-specific laparoscopic skills in a wide range of procedures after an intensive training course. This study demonstrates the benefit of a structured training curriculum in improving operative performance in basic and advanced laparoscopic skills in a simulated environment. Future studies are needed to examine the duration of training required to achieve skill retention and competency.